Where is Bhutan?
Bhutan lies in the eastern Himalayas, between Tibet to the north, the Indian territories of Assam and West Bengal, to the south and east, and Sikkim to the west . Bhutan is a tiny country has a total area of about 47,00 square KM. Bhutan is loacted in the heart of the high Himalayan mountain range, Bhutan is a land-locked country like Nepal surrounded by mountains.The sparsely populated Greater Himalayas, bounded to the north by the Tibetan plateau, reach heights of over 7,300 meters (23,950ft.), and extend southward losing height, to form the fertile valleys of the Lesser Himalayas divided by the Wang, Sunkosh, Trongsa and Manas Rivers. Monsoon influences promote dense forestation in this region and alpine growth at higher altitudes. The cultivated central uplands and Himalayan foothills support the majority of the population. In the south, the Duars (the gates or doors; the traditional 18 points of access into Bhutan from the Indian plain.) drop sharply away from the Himalayas into the large tracts of semi-tropical forest, savannah grassland and bamboo jungles. Bhutan has remained a hidden Kingdom by choice for many years. Today, it has opened its door to visitors, and a small number of people are welcome to explore the Kingdom.
Bhutan – People and Culture:
Bhutan, often referred to as the Land of Thunder Dragon, is a land where the chief state religion is Mahayana Buddhism, meaning greater wheel. The locals are seen in their traditional costumes. Short cultural trips of one week to Bhutan can be added on to your holiday in Nepal.
Bhutan is locally known as Drukyul – the Land of Thunder Dragon. Trips in Bhutan includes visit to old forts, palaces, monasteries, farm house and National museum sightseeing of Satsam Chorten, Taktsang Monastery, Memorial Chorten, National Library, Handicrafts emporium and Tashichho Dzong. Drive to Punakha, across the Dochula Pass and visit. Punaka Dzong. Visit a typical farm house where traditional buttered tea with “Zaw” (puffed rice) will be served. See our sponsor’s website for more details about Bhutan trip. They will give you a reason to get up early. Check out their programs to find out how.
Population : 364,482 male / 307,943 female
Capital : Thimphu
National Tree : Cypress
National Flower : Blue Poppy
National Bird : Raven
National Animal : Takin
Official Language : Dzongkhag
Forest coverage : 72.5 %
Country code : 975
Area : 38,394 sq.km.
State Religion : The Tantric form of Mahayana Buddhism
Currency : Ngultrum, (same value as Indian Rupee)
Political System : Constitutional Monarchy.
National Game : Archery
National / Traditional
Dress : Men wear “Gho” and women wear “Kira”
Meanings : Dzongs (Fortress) / Tshechus (Festivals)
THINGS TO REMEMBER – DO’S & DON’T’S: ––
PHOTOGRAPHY (Please check with your guide): — Request permission before taking photographs of people, events or objects inside the premises of temples, dzongs or monastery, taking photographs is not permitted. Taking photographs is only permitted in the court yard area.
RELIGIOUS ARTIFACT / ANTIQUE: —
Please do not touch any religious artifact or antique.
Purchase of religious items especially antiques is prohibited.
Please do not climb on or do anything that would show lack of respect to Buddhist artifacts or antiques, large or small, ruined or not, they are regarded as sacred.
DRESS CODE: — Please take of hats while entering dzongs, temples or monastery. Shorts / half pants are not permitted while entering a dzong, temple or monastery.
Before entering a dzong, temple, monastery, please switch off all mobile phones or keep in the silent/vibrating mode.
Please speak softly within the religious premises.
Altitudes in Bhutan
Name of the Place(s) Altitude (M)
1 Paro Airport 2200
2 Thimphu Capital 2300
3 Punakha 1350
4 Wangdue 1300
5 Phobjikha, Wangdue 2900
6 Trongsa 2200
7 Jakar, Bumthang 2650
8 Tang, Bumthang 2800
9 Mongar 1600
10 Lhuntse 1700
11 Trashi Yangtse 1550
12 Trashigang 1500
13 Samdrup Jongkhar 450
14 Phuentsholing 450
All passengers must carry passport or Voting Card (Election) rates are valid for Indian passport holder.
Carrying of Tobacco product is punishable offense to Bhutan.
(INR 1000 & 500 notes are NOT acceptable in Bhutan, also NO credit card facilities)